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|SAN FRANCISCO Moins Cher Femme Nike Air Presto QS Lac Bleu Blanche , May 21 (Xinhua) -- A study led by University of Washington (UW) indicates that neighborhoods with greater poverty and disorganization may play a greater role in problem drinking than the availability of bars and stores that sell hard liquor.
The findings, based on local neighborhood data and published online in the Journal of Urban Health, suggest that while socioeconomics are more powerful environmental factors than even access to the substance itself, improving a neighborhood's quality of life can yield a range of benefits.
In examining the combination of multiple neighborhood factors on alcohol use, UW researchers turned to an ongoing study the university's Social Development Research Group has followed for decades, by interviewing more than 500 of the adult participants Rabais Homme Nike Air Presto QS Bleu , who were first identified as fifth-graders in Seattle elementary schools and now live throughout King County.
In this neighborhood study, 48 percent of participants were women; and people of color made up nearly 60 percent of respondents.
The researchers determined the U.S. Census Block Group, namely a geographic area of roughly 1,000 people, of each participant's residence, along with demographic data tied to that area and the number of locations that sold hard alcohol there. Participants also answered a series of questions about their alcohol consumption and perceptions of their neighborhood. The information allowed the researchers to classify neighborhoods according to poverty level Homme Nike Air Presto QS Grise Pas Cher , alcohol availability and "disorganization," which included factors such as crime, drug selling and graffiti.
The researchers found that residents of neighborhoods primarily characterized by high poverty and disorganization tended to drink twice as much in a typical week as those in other types of neighborhoods. Binge-drinking, generally defined as more than four drinks at a time for women, five for men, occurred in these high-poverty Homme Nike Air Presto Noir Achetez , highly disorganized communities about four times as frequently as in other types of neighborhoods.
These findings are consistent with previous research indicating that people in lower income neighborhoods may be at greater risk for alcohol-related problems, said Isaac Rhew, a research assistant professor in the UW Department of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences.
What's different, agreed Rhew and study co-author Rick Kosterman, a research scientist in the UW School of Social Work, is the fact that neighborhoods characterized by greater alcohol availability showed no increased alcohol use among residents Homme Nike Air Presto Essential Noir Grise Pas Cher , suggesting that socioeconomic factors may pose a greater risk for substance abuse.
"On its face, the connection between poverty and disorganization and alcohol use may not be all that surprising, but when you find that this connection may be even more important than the location of bars and liquor stores, then it's those characteristics of a neighborhood that we want to pay attention to," Kosterman was quoted as saying in a news release.
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Arsenal forward Alexis Sanchez is likely to join rival Manchester United this month, his manager Arsene Wenger said ahead of Saturday’s Premier League match against Crystal Palace.
The Chilean international is out of contract at the end of the season and was also a target for Manchester City, but United appears to have stolen a march on its local rival.
“I worked on transfers for 30 years so it is likely to happen, but at any moment it can break down ... If it doesn’t happen, he will play on Saturday,” Wenger told a news conference Homme NikeLab Acronym Presto Mid Utility Noir Blanche Rabais , adding that United midfielder Henrikh Mkhitaryan could move in the other direction.
“I like the player. We played many times against him when he was at (Borussia) Dortmund. He appreciated the quality of our games ... The wages would not be a problem,” Wenger added.
“This would be an exchange of players and I think one would replace the other,” Wenger said, adding that he would still be in the market for more recruits.
Arsenal sold Theo Walcott to Premier League rival Everton on Wednesday.
Armenia international Mkhitaryan has faded this season and has fallen down the pecking order under manager Jose Mourinho, who omitted the 28-year-old from United’s squad for its 3-0 win over Stoke City on Monday.
British media reports say that United is prepared to pay Sanchez more than 350,000 pounds (US$485 Nike Air Presto Homme Noir Rouge Pas Cher ,000) per week. “I wouldn’t like to come out on the numbers because that’s Man United’s problem,” Wenger said. “I respect Man United because they generate the money they pay to the players with their own resources, so you have to respect that.
“He’s 29 years old so the next contract will be, of course, very important for him.”
Meanwhile, all eyes will be on whether Pierre-Emerick Aubameyang returns to Dortmund’s starting line-up at Hertha Berlin today Homme Nike Air Presto ISLAND Bleu Pas Cher , with the star striker reportedly chasing a move to Arsenal.
Dortmund coach Peter Stoeger has told magazine Sport Bild he “assumes” Aubameyang, who has scored 21 goals in 23 matches this season, will stay, but “if he leaves, it will be hard to replace him with that goal quota”.
German media reports claim the Gabon hot-shot is chasing a transfer to Arsenal after being disciplined on Sunday, with Dortmund wanting 70 million euros (US$85.6m) for last season’s Bundesliga top scorer.
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